Filamentous fungi display diversified morphologies, especially in their reproductive structures, which are often characteristic at the genus level. The examination of the microscopic features as well as the macroscopic aspect of the culture (colour, texture, growth rate at different temperatures, etc.) is a cost-effective method for an identification up to the species group level. As closely related species can have the same morphology (cryptic species), this method does not always allow a species specific identification. The same goes for isolates showing atypical morphologies or sterile strains. Therefore, identification to species level using microscopy cannot be guaranteed.
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