As member of the European Union, Belgium implements the European Laws by translating these into national and sub-national regulations.
The European set of laws concerning the Nagoya Protocol can be sketched as follows, starting at the basis with EU Regulation 511/2014.
4. ABS Consultation Forum
The 4th element of the ABS legal pillar there is the ABS consultation forum instituted by EU Regulation 511/2014 and where stakeholders are invited to build common understanding of the regulations and to translate it into practical procedures.
In the European Union the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol is distributed under three Capitals having specific competences:
A) the National level of each EU State Members ruling Access and Benefit Sharing
B) the relevant authorities within each national levels ruling Access and Benefit Sharing.
C) the European Level focused on Compliance
In Belgium the competences regarding the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol are distributed among the Federal State and the Regions of Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels.
Basic information and contacts are published on the ABS Clearing House website.
These are listed here:
The Federal law entered into force on 13 October 2023. Information concerning the implementation of the ABS principles for the fields and territories falling under the control of the Federal authorities (see picture 4) can be obtained from the ABS National Focal Point (NFP).
Ms. Salima Kempenaer
General Directorate (DG5) Environment Federal Public Service (FPS) Health, Food Chain Security and Environment DG5 Environment
Place Victor Horta 40 bte 10, Bloc 11
1060 Brussels Belgium
The ordinance relevant for the geographic areas and fields of activities falling under the control of the Brussels region is not yet defined.
Information related to matters of environment in the Brussels Region is available at the regional administration: Environment Brussels
Site Tour & Taxis
Avenue du Port 86C / 3000 Havenlaan
Phone: +32 (0)2 / 775.75.75
The Decree on access to genetic resources and the just and equitable sharing of benefits resulting from their utilisation entered into force on 22 April 2019. (Original title in Dutch: Decreet van 22 maart 2019 betreffende de toegang tot genetische rijkdommen en de eerlijke en billijke verdeling van voordelen die voortvloeien uit hun gebruik)
The decree specifies that access to Flemish Genetic Resources is open. Flemish Genetic Resources are the genetic resources present in situ in Flanders and the genetic resources kept ex situ under the Flemish authorities. Benefit-sharing is managed by a specific division of the Agency Nature & Forests.
The administration in charge at the Flemish region is the Agency Nature & Forests
Agency Nature & Forests (Agentschap voor Natuur en Bos)
Herman Teirlinckgebouw – Havenlaan 88 bus 75
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Phone: +32 2 553 02 80
Website: Agentschap Natuur en Bos
As the Competent National Authority in the Flemish part of Belgium, the Agency Nature & Forests is responsible for receipt of due diligence declarations from users when research funding take place.
The Agency is also responsible for inspecting the compliance to the Nagoya Protocol in the Flemish Region. The competence(s) of the section “Natuurinspectie ANB” is extended to the Nagoya-regulation (see additions of art. 2,25°, and art. 25,17° in the decree on the general provisions on environmental policy). The text assigns the section "Natuurinspectie/Nature inspection" of the "Agentschap Natuur en Bos/ Agency Nature & Forests" as NCA for the Nagoya Protocol in the Flanders Region. The Agency checks that due diligence requirements are fulfilled when non-Flemish genetic resources kept ex situ are accessed.
The Decree of the Walloon Region concerning the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol has been published on the 16 June 2020. (Original Title in French: Décret du 20 mai 2020 relatif à l'accès aux ressources génétiques et au partage juste et équitable des avantages découlant de leur utilisation)
The Decree specifies that access to biological diversity is open but that notification is required. Acknowledgment of receipt of notification is considered as the Internationally Recognized Certificate of Compliance.
The Walloon decree gives the mandate for the control of compliance and the recognition as National Competent Authority related to the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol in the Walloon Region to the
Direction Générale opérationnelle de l'Agriculture, des Ressources naturelles et de l'Environnement
Avenue Prince de Liège 15, 5100 Namur (Jambes), Belgium
Phone: (+32) 081/649617